I’ve now worked outside of academia for a little over a year–and yes, I’ve been paid to research. In fact, I’m constantly shocked by the amount of research that happens in places not associated with universities. I suspect most grad students would be as well.
Usually, non-academic research jobs pay better than academic positions and offer more opportunity, less exploitation (yay!), and a better work-life balance.
So if you want to get paid to research… here are eleven places to do it, no matter what your field. I also threw in some stories I could find of PhDs or Master’s students working in these places.
1. Companies that sell research-based products
The big one for scientists. There are a ton of companies that sell products that require research to produce. From pharmaceuticals to tech companies, research-based products are all around us, right down to that tiny piece of plastic you’re probably reading this on. STEM PhDs can make great money going into industry to develop these.
2. Companies that sell research as a service
There are a lot of research companies out there that sell different kinds of research to their clients. These companies collect data, write reports, evaluate programs, and interview clients of the clients. Often these reports support decision-making, program design, and the strategic direction of a client company.
3. Government (employee)
Government jobs have a reputation for being nice, cushy roles with high pensions and large paychecks. They hire people full-time to research things that are important to the work that the government does, from economics to immigration, from social services to international development.
In most countries, the government produces a ton of research to support every decision they make.
4. Government (contractor)
In addition to those nice government jobs, the government hires lots of people as contractors or consultants. These people act as their own companies to do consulting on a case by case basis. It’s sort of like being a business owner, except the government is your main client. Often this consulting is straight-up research if the government doesn’t have capacity to do research in-house or needs an objective third-party.
5. National association/ industry trade groups
National associations often use research to support the work that they do (I wrote about government relations in this post). Usually they’re representing a certain interest in a government city, say the Dairy Farmers of Canada or the American Beverage Association. Big national associations will often have a research associate or policy director on staff, and the smaller ones will hire consultants to do this work as needed.
They need research to support whatever their goals are, and depending on the organization this can be a great fit for PhDs. You can even work for an education-related group like the Association of American Universities if you’re not sick of higher-ed yet.
6. Think tanks
Think tanks do a lot of research on a ton of different subjects. Usually the research shapes public policy. Some think tanks are ideologically rooted. Some focus on a niche topic. Some think tanks are paid through foundations or endowments. Some are paid through memberships. Some are paid by the projects they produce.
But all of them hire researchers. When I worked at the think tank I ran projects, which meant some research and writing, but also convening experts in various fields to learn from them. However, if you want to stick to straight research, a fellowship at a think tank might be just the ticket.
In addition to government, politicians and political parties often hire people to do research. These types of people are usually called things like “Policy Advisor,” and will advise the office of a senior politician or a party on evidence-based decision making for their policy.
Let’s say a party needs to decide whether they support building a new national park. Someone has to research whether that park is a good idea, the ecological benefits, the sociological repercussions to those who live nearby, or perhaps the lost economic potential. From complex foreign-policy initiatives to local-development issues, there’s a researcher behind all that.
(I’m looking for a good online story of a PhD who became a political advisor, but I can’t find one. I’ll reach out to someone I know to see if I can get an interview for the future.)
Or, if it’s more your cup of tea, you could get paid to research in a library like the Library of Congress or the Library of Parliament in Canada, both of which hire full-time researchers for various tasks—often to help politicians and their staffers do research.
8. International Bodies
If you don’t want to research domestically, how about international bodies? The UN, World Bank, World Economic Forum, and a zillion other international bodies all hire researchers for different tasks.
Okay, I’ve held off on mentioning this til now. If the neoliberalism of the university pissed you off, you might not love working for a hedge fund. But I’d be remiss if I didn’t mention that you can get paid to research in this environment too. There are tons of researchers working in finance, and it’s not just numbers. This type of research also takes people who are good at making judgement calls on where foreign economies are going, whether a war is likely to break out in the Middle East, or whether the housing market is going to collapse.
There’s some overlap here—my think tank was non-profit. But various not-for-profits hire researchers too. The money isn’t always the best (sometimes it is), but if you’re driven by a cause you can spend your days researching awesome subjects like women’s economic empowerment, equal access to buildings, or how to support at-risk youth. These organizations often have advocacy functions too, so you can sometimes see your research lead the charge for social change.
11. Granting Bodies
There are big granting bodies in every field and country: the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the National Endowment for the Humanities, or in Canada, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, etc. Many of these bodies hire PhDs, sometimes exclusively, especially for things like proposal evaluation, grant administration, as project officers, and so on.
This is just a quick list of places you can get paid to do research outside of academia… so if you’re terrified to make the jump out of the university, fear not! If you love research, you can do that! Let me know any other places you think of that you can get paid to research!